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  • A route to scalable Majorana qubits
    on June 12, 2024 at 6:03 PM

    Researchers at QuTech have found a way to make Majorana particles in a two-dimensional plane. This was achieved by creating devices that exploit the combined material properties of superconductors and semiconductors. The inherent flexibility of this new 2D platform should allow one to perform […]

  • Shaking the box for new physics: CMS...
    on June 12, 2024 at 4:40 PM

    When you receive a present on your birthday, you might be the kind of person who tears off the wrapping paper immediately to see what's inside the box. Or maybe you like to examine the box, guessing the contents from its shape, size, weight or the sound it makes when you shake it.

  • New theory describes how waves carry...
    on June 12, 2024 at 3:22 PM

    Waves pick up information from their environment through which they propagate. A theory of information carried by waves has now been developed at TU Wien—with astonishing results that can be utilized for technical applications.

  • New technique could help build quantum...
    on June 11, 2024 at 3:38 PM

    Quantum computers have the potential to solve complex problems in human health, drug discovery, and artificial intelligence millions of times faster than some of the world's fastest supercomputers. A network of quantum computers could advance these discoveries even faster. But before that can […]

  • High-precision timing data determine...
    on June 11, 2024 at 1:35 PM

    In a study published in The Astrophysical Journal, Prof. Zhou Xia from the Xinjiang Astronomical Observatory (XAO) of the Chinese Academy of Sciences and collaborators have, for the first time, derived the dispersion relation for photons with nonzero mass propagating in plasma, and established a […]

  • Pseudomagic quantum states: A path to...
    on June 11, 2024 at 12:50 PM

    A new study in Physical Review Letters (PRL) introduces the concept of pseudomagic quantum states, which appear to have high stabilizerness (or complexity) and can move us closer to achieving quantum supremacy.

  • New insights on the role of nucleon...
    on June 10, 2024 at 7:39 PM

    Low-energy nuclear fusion reactions can potentially provide clean energy. In stars, low-energy fusion reactions during the stages of carbon and oxygen burning are critical to stellar evolution. These reactions also offer valuable insights into the exotic processes occurring in the inner crust of […]

  • New study reveals brain's fractal-like...
    on June 10, 2024 at 7:38 PM

    When a magnet is heated up, it reaches a critical point where it loses magnetization. Called "criticality," this point of high complexity is reached when a physical object is transitioning smoothly from one phase into the next.

  • Novel quantum sensor breaks limits of...
    on June 10, 2024 at 7:38 PM

    The Korea Research Institute of Standards and Science (KRISS) has developed a novel quantum sensor technology that allows the measurement of perturbations in the infrared region with visible light by leveraging the phenomenon of quantum entanglement. This will enable low-cost, high-performance IR […]

  • 'Quantum optical antennas' provide more...
    on June 10, 2024 at 5:33 PM

    Similar to how a radio antenna plucks a broadcast from the air and concentrates the energy into a song, individual atoms can collect and concentrate the energy of light into a strong, localized signal that researchers can use to study the fundamental building blocks of matter.

  • How does light interact with matter at...
    on June 10, 2024 at 1:50 PM

    The experimental generation of increasingly intense light beams could help to unveil new physical regimes occurring in the presence of very strong electromagnetic fields. While some progress has been made towards this goal, physicists are yet to develop a reliable strategy to achieve extreme light […]

  • Nonreciprocal quantum batteries exhibit...
    on June 8, 2024 at 12:30 PM

    In physics, nonreciprocity occurs when a system's response varies depending on the direction in which waves or signals are propagating within it. This asymmetry arises from a break in so-called time-reversal symmetry, which essentially means that a system's processes observed as they evolve over […]

  • Quantum chemistry and simulation help...
    on June 7, 2024 at 6:44 PM

    When element 61, also known as promethium, was first isolated by scientists at the Department of Energy's Oak Ridge National Laboratory in 1945, it completed the series of chemical elements known as lanthanides. However, aspects of the element's exact chemical nature have remained a mystery until […]

  • QUIET: A place to study qubits shielded...
    on June 7, 2024 at 3:34 PM

    Deep under the ground at Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory is a brand-new quantum sensor and computing research center called QUIET, and at the surface—100 meters above—sits its twin called LOUD.

  • QUIET: A place to study qubits shielded...
    on June 7, 2024 at 3:34 PM

    Deep under the ground at Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory is a brand-new quantum sensor and computing research center called QUIET, and at the surface—100 meters above—sits its twin called LOUD.

  • Perturbations simplify the study of...
    on June 7, 2024 at 3:02 PM

    Thousands of particles of light can merge into a type of "super photon" under suitable conditions. Physicists call such a state a photon Bose-Einstein condensate.

  • Cutting-edge mathematics provides new...
    on June 7, 2024 at 1:40 PM

    Scientists have used computational algebraic geometry to study predictions for particle physics experiments, such as those at the Large Hadron Collider (LHC), which first detected the Higgs particle in 2012.

  • Cutting-edge mathematics provides new...
    on June 7, 2024 at 1:40 PM

    Scientists have used computational algebraic geometry to study predictions for particle physics experiments, such as those at the Large Hadron Collider (LHC), which first detected the Higgs particle in 2012.

  • Mapping noise to improve quantum...
    on June 7, 2024 at 1:36 PM

    One of the biggest challenges in quantum technology and quantum sensing is "noise"–seemingly random environmental disturbances that can disrupt the delicate quantum states of qubits, the fundamental units of quantum information.

  • Physics collaboration pushes an...
    on June 6, 2024 at 5:05 PM

    The molecules that make up the matter around us are in constant motion. What if we could harness that energy and put it to use?

  • Exotic black holes could be a byproduct...
    on June 6, 2024 at 4:43 PM

    For every kilogram of matter that we can see—from the computer on your desk to distant stars and galaxies—there are 5 kilograms of invisible matter that suffuse our surroundings. This "dark matter" is a mysterious entity that evades all forms of direct observation yet makes its presence felt […]

  • Calcium oxide's quantum secret: Nearly...
    on June 6, 2024 at 4:36 PM

    Calcium oxide is a cheap, chalky chemical compound commonly used in the manufacturing of cement, plaster, paper, and steel. But the material may soon have a more high-tech application.

  • Study of photons in quantum computing...
    on June 6, 2024 at 2:01 PM

    Vortices are a common physical phenomenon. You find them in the structure of galaxies, tornadoes and hurricanes, as well as in a cup of tea, or water as it drains from the bathtub.

  • Highly sensitive diamond quantum...
    on June 6, 2024 at 1:03 PM

    A highly sensitive diamond quantum magnetometer utilizing nitrogen-vacancy centers can achieve millimeter-scale resolution magnetoencephalography (MEG), as reported by scientists from Tokyo Tech. The novel magnetometer, based on continuous-wave optically detected magnetic resonance, marks a […]

  • Researchers observe quantum critical...
    on June 6, 2024 at 10:50 AM

    Three-dimensional (3D) antiferromagnets are materials in which magnetic moments of atoms or ions are arranged in a 3D lattice structure with neighboring spins aligned in opposite directions. Physicists have observed a fascinating magnetic field–induced phase transition in these materials, […]

  • Study suggests germanium isotope really...
    on June 5, 2024 at 7:22 PM

    Searching for the elusive neutrino takes on many forms. Detectors consisting of many tons of gallium are used in several experiments because neutrino interactions can occur on the stable gallium-71 (71Ga) nucleus and transform it into a radioactive isotope of germanium (71Ge) with an 11-day […]

  • Toward testing the quantum behavior of...
    on June 5, 2024 at 3:21 PM

    In a development at the intersection of quantum mechanics and general relativity, researchers have made significant strides toward unraveling the mysteries of quantum gravity. This work sheds new light on future experiments that hold promise for resolving one of the most fundamental enigmas in […]

  • Researchers draw inspiration from...
    on June 5, 2024 at 3:13 PM

    One of the potential advantages of quantum computers that scientists are most hopeful about is molecular simulations. These simulations are too complex for classical computers to perform with enough accuracy, but it's possible that quantum computers could help scientists better understand quantum […]

  • AI-powered jet origin identification...
    on June 5, 2024 at 1:32 PM

    A research team in China has initiated and successfully developed a jet origin identification technology which can significantly enhance the scientific discovery capabilities of high-energy collider experiments.

  • Physicists decode mechanics of knitted...
    on June 4, 2024 at 3:10 PM

    Knitting, the age-old craft of looping and stitching natural fibers into fabrics, has received renewed attention for its potential applications in advanced manufacturing. Far beyond their use for garments, knitted textiles are ideal for designing and fabricating emerging technologies like wearable […]

  • New model suggests partner...
    on June 4, 2024 at 1:20 PM

    The accelerated expansion of the present universe, believed to be driven by a mysterious dark energy, is one of the greatest puzzles in our understanding of the cosmos. The standard model of cosmology called Lambda-CDM, explains this expansion as a cosmological constant in Einstein's field […]

  • New model suggests partner...
    on June 4, 2024 at 1:20 PM

    The accelerated expansion of the present universe, believed to be driven by a mysterious dark energy, is one of the greatest puzzles in our understanding of the cosmos. The standard model of cosmology called Lambda-CDM, explains this expansion as a cosmological constant in Einstein's field […]

  • Study uncovers a quantum acoustical...
    on June 4, 2024 at 1:19 PM

    Researchers at Harvard University, Sabanci University, and Peking University recently gathered findings that could shed light on the origin of the high-temperature absorption peaks observed in strange metals, a class of materials exhibiting unusual electronic properties that do not conform to the […]

  • Scientists bring crystal clarity to...
    on June 3, 2024 at 7:30 PM

    They say that one can miss the forest for the trees. But it's often worth taking a closer look at the trees to make sense of the dense, brambly whole. That's what a Stanford University group did to tackle a thorny quantum-information problem in diamond.

  • Physicists take molecules to a new...
    on June 3, 2024 at 4:39 PM

    There's a hot new BEC in town that has nothing to do with bacon, egg, and cheese. You won't find it at your local bodega, but in the coldest place in New York: the lab of Columbia physicist Sebastian Will, whose experimental group specializes in pushing atoms and molecules to temperatures just […]

  • New precision measurement program...
    on June 3, 2024 at 1:58 PM

    In May 2022, the Facility for Rare Isotope Beams (FRIB) at Michigan State University (MSU), launched its precision measurement program. Staff from FRIB's Low Energy Beam and Ion Trap (LEBIT) facility take high-energy, rare-isotope beams generated at FRIB and cool them to a lower energy state. […]

  • Sorting complex light beams: New...
    on June 3, 2024 at 1:48 PM

    In the dynamic realm of optical physics, researchers are continually pushing the boundaries of how light can be manipulated and harnessed for practical applications.

  • A framework to construct quantum...
    on June 3, 2024 at 1:40 PM

    To reliably perform complex, large-scale calculations, computing systems rely on so-called error correction schemes, techniques designed to protect information against errors. These techniques are perhaps even more essential when it comes to quantum computers, devices that perform computations […]

  • Reinterpreting the Higgs mechanism:...
    on June 3, 2024 at 1:31 PM

    A simple concept of decay and fission of "magnetic quivers" helps to clarify complex quantum physics and mathematical structures.

  • On-chip GHz time crystals with...
    on May 31, 2024 at 3:34 PM

    Researchers have for the first time observed a time crystal on a microscale semiconductor chip oscillating at a rate of several billion times per second, unveiling exceptionally high non-linear dynamics in the GHz range.

  • Research team shows theoretical quantum...
    on May 29, 2024 at 8:24 PM

    In a new paper in Science Advances, researchers at JPMorgan Chase, the U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE) Argonne National Laboratory and Quantinuum have demonstrated clear evidence of a quantum algorithmic speedup for the quantum approximate optimization algorithm (QAOA).

  • New study is step towards...
    on May 29, 2024 at 3:00 PM

    Researchers from Lancaster University and Radboud University Nijmegen have managed to generate propagating spin waves at the nanoscale and discovered a novel pathway to modulate and amplify them.

  • Research team demonstrates modular,...
    on May 29, 2024 at 3:00 PM

    Quantum computers hold the promise of being able to quickly solve extremely complex problems that might take the world's most powerful supercomputer decades to crack.

  • Study shows plant hydraulics create...
    on May 28, 2024 at 3:00 PM

    When plants draw water from their roots to nourish their stems and leaves, they produce an electric potential that could be harnessed as a renewable energy source. However, like all living things, plants are subject to a circadian rhythm—the biological clock that runs through day and night cycles […]

  • Theory and experiment combine to shine...
    on May 24, 2024 at 6:30 PM

    Nuclear physicists have long been working to reveal how the proton gets its spin. Now, a new method that combines experimental data with state-of-the-art calculations has revealed a more detailed picture of spin contributions from the very glue that holds protons together. It also paves the way […]

  • New method can create aquatic...
    on May 24, 2024 at 9:00 AM

    Splash a few drops of water on a hot pan and if the pan is hot enough, the water will sizzle and the droplets of water seem to roll and float, hovering above the surface.

  • How a world record 'squeeze' could...
    on May 23, 2024 at 2:56 PM

    UNSW quantum engineers have developed a new amplifier that could help other scientists search for elusive dark matter particles.

  • Atomic-resolution imaging shows why ice...
    on May 23, 2024 at 2:08 PM

    A team of physicists affiliated with several institutions in China has uncovered the reason behind the slipperiness of ice. In their study, published in the journal Nature, the group used atomic force microscopy to get a closer look at the surface of ice at different temperatures.

  • Nuclear physicists make first precision...
    on May 22, 2024 at 9:33 PM

    For the first time, nuclear physicists have made precision measurements of a short-lived radioactive molecule, radium monofluoride (RaF). In their study published in the journal Nature Physics, the researchers combined ion-trapping techniques with specialized laser systems to measure the fine […]

  • Researchers show how to use...
    on May 22, 2024 at 4:55 PM

    University of Michigan physicists have devised a way to manipulate active fluids, a type of fluid composed of individual units that can propel themselves independently, by taking advantage of topological defects in the fluids.

  • Unlocking the secrets of supercritical...
    on May 22, 2024 at 4:25 PM

    A study now published in Nature Communications brings remarkable insights into the enigmatic behavior of supercritical fluids, a hybrid state of matter occupying a unique space between liquids and gases, and arising in domains that go from the pharmaceutical industry to planetary science. The […]

  • Neutrons open window to explore space...
    on May 21, 2024 at 8:53 PM

    Thanks to human ingenuity and zero gravity, we reap important benefits from science in space. Consider smart phones with built-in navigation systems and cameras.

  • NA64 uses the high-energy SPS muon beam...
    on May 20, 2024 at 5:03 PM

    The NA64 experiment started operations at CERN's SPS North Area in 2016. Its aim is to search for unknown particles from a hypothetical "dark sector." For these searches, NA64 directs an electron beam onto a fixed target. Researchers then look for unknown dark sector particles produced by […]

  • A model outlining the microscopic...
    on May 20, 2024 at 2:29 PM

    Black holes are intriguing astronomical objects that have a gravitational pull so strong that it prevents any object and even light from escaping. While black holes have been the topic of numerous astrophysical studies, their origins and underlying physics remain largely a mystery.

  • Deep-sea sponge's 'zero-energy' flow...
    on May 17, 2024 at 3:43 PM

    The Venus flower basket sponge, with its delicate glass-like lattice outer skeleton, has long intrigued researchers seeking to explain how this fragile-seeming creature's body can withstand the harsh conditions of the deep sea where it lives.

  • Scientists use generative AI to answer...
    on May 16, 2024 at 2:16 PM

    When water freezes, it transitions from a liquid phase to a solid phase, resulting in a drastic change in properties like density and volume. Phase transitions in water are so common most of us probably don't even think about them, but phase transitions in novel materials or complex physical […]

  • A new family of beautiful-charming...
    on May 15, 2024 at 5:30 PM

    Exploring the complex domain of subatomic particles, researchers at the The Institute of Mathematical Science (IMSc) and the Tata Institute of Fundamental Research (TIFR) have recently published a novel finding in the journal Physical Review Letters. Their study illuminates a new horizon within […]

  • 'Dancing' raisins: A simple kitchen...
    on May 14, 2024 at 3:25 PM

    Scientific discovery doesn't always require a high-tech laboratory or a hefty budget. Many people have a first-rate lab right in their own homes—their kitchen.

  • Model suggests subluminal warp drives...
    on May 14, 2024 at 2:50 PM

    A team of physicists from the University of Alabama in Huntsville and the Advanced Propulsion Laboratory at Applied Physics, in New York, has developed a model that shows it might be possible to create a subluminal warp drive.

  • New work extends the thermodynamic...
    on May 13, 2024 at 7:19 PM

    Every computing system, biological or synthetic, from cells to brains to laptops, has a cost. This isn't the price, which is easy to discern, but an energy cost connected to the work required to run a program and the heat dissipated in the process.